1. Lack of hydration. You want to make sure you are drinking enough water throughout the day.
2. Problems with nutrition. Eat a variety of foods with plenty of colorful fruits and vegetables. This includes leafy greens and fruits, including bananas, to add a balance of electrolytes to you diet.
3. Side effect of medication. A tip-off is when cramps start suddenly after you begin taking a new medication. If this happens, see your practitioner.
4. Not stretching enough. Taking time to stretch each day, including after a brief warm up or after a shower can help.
5. Overexertion. If you exercise harder than usual or experience muscle fatigue, this can cause cramps. Pace yourself.
6. Poor circulation. If you have cramping that increases when you walk, it could be a problem with your circulation. If it gets worse when you walk, or if you have cramps that just don’t stop, definitely see your doctor.
7. The wrong shoes. A less-known cause for muscle cramping: your shoes. You want to look at your shoes, especially if you changed from flats to heels.
“Scientists have theories, but it’s hard to do research on cramps because they’re unpredictable and spontaneous.” Kevin C. Miller, Ph.D.